Alzheimer’s disease, as everyone knows, is a silent disease that slowly sets in and ends up stealing memory and various other cognitive functions from people, most often from the elderly.
Early signs of Alzheimer’s disease
In Alzheimer’s disease, a nerve cell degeneration occurs in certain sections of the cerebral cortex, especially in the temporal and parietal lobes. From this topography of the disease process depend the symptoms that can be observed or measured by tests.
The nerve decay manifests itself above all in a reduced mental capacity. However, this leads to understandable psychological reactions of those affected. In addition, the decline in mental capacity may result in reduced coping with ordinary day-to-day tasks.
Below you can find a list of early symptoms and signs characteristic of people with Alzheimer’s in early stages.
1. Frequent falls
Although falls are somewhat frequent in the elderly, they are even more so in people suffering from Alzheimer’s . This is what a study found in which 125 adult subjects participated and who were followed up on the frequency with which in a period of eight months they fell or stumbled.
It turns out that when the group of researchers performed the brain scan tests, the subjects with Alzheimer’s had fallen more. Falls are common in people with this disease due to walking or lack of guidance. Also, these individuals usually present hyperkinetic disorder , which makes them more active and move more, increasing the chances of falling.
2. Oblivion in aspects of the routine
Memory problems are characteristic in Alzheimer’s , so in the early stage of the disease it is possible to detect that the memory of these people fails. The easiest way to observe it is in functional objects and those that are used daily.
For example, the person does not remember where the keys or dirty dishes are stored. He has serious difficulties in carrying out simple tasks that he used to do normally.
3. Inability to recognize sarcasm
People with Alzheimer’s do not understand sarcasm , so in this situation they can become extremely serious and take things literally. A study by the University of California at San Francisco, led by Katherine Rankin, found that Alzheimer’s patients and those with frontotemporal disease did not recognize sarcasm in face-to-face encounters.
The cause seems to be that the posterior hippocampus of the brain is affected by Alzheimer’s disease, and it is a region where short-term memory is stored, which affects sarcasm.
4. Loss of belongings
He has commented that people with Alzheimer’s can forget aspects of routine , such as not knowing where to keep the keys or not remembering whether they have eaten or not throughout the day.
This causes that many times they lose their own belongings, for not knowing where they have put them. They often put their things in the wrong places, for example, the clock in the fridge.
5. Changes in their social behavior
People with Alzheimer’s show a series of behaviors that make them think that something is happening to them . His way of behaving as regards his projects is changing or he stops doing the hobbies that he enjoyed so much before.
The person is increasingly retiring from social life and may sleep more or spend more time watching television instead of socializing with other people.
6. Difficulties in solving problems
It is common for patients to have difficulties in solving problems . In fact, they find it difficult to do mathematical operations or follow a series of guidelines. For example, it would be very difficult for them to follow a simple culinary recipe.
7. Mood changes
Mood swings are common in people with Alzheimer’s disease , which can become very problematic and even conflictive in advanced stages. In fact, his personality changes radically as the disease progresses, and family members are the ones who most feel this behavior.
Anxiety, sadness, fear or frustration are emotions that these subjects can suffer frequently. They can get angry easily both at home and in places where they are outside of their environment.
8. Confusion about time and places
Individuals with this disease may be confused about the time and place . In other words, they may feel disoriented and may get lost easily. This causes serious problems for them, and as stated above, disorientation also causes these people to fall more.
9. Loss of common sense
The judgment of a person are his opinions and his decisions . Individuals suffering from Alzheimer’s can be impaired this ability, which causes them to pay less attention to their self-care or make decisions that are not understandable and far from common sense.
For example, by giving a lot of money to a telephone vendor who calls the mobile offering an offer. These decisions may seem strange and irresponsible to the rest of the mortals, but not to them.
10. Excessive agitation
It is not uncommon for people with Alzheimer’s to feel anxious or agitated . What causes them to be in continuous movement … The agitation is usually the result of fear, confusion or trying to understand the world that begins to make no sense in some moments. This also causes the aforementioned mood swings, and is a clear sign that the person is changing.
11. Difficulty communicating
With this disease, the language and communication skills of the affected person decrease significantly . It is very common that even in the vocabulary these symptoms can be seen: difficulties in finding the right word, calling things by the wrong names, replacing familiar words with some unusual or incorrect ones or calling the acquaintances as if they were strangers (for example, to a friend as “that guy”).